Whether you are buying a superyacht second hand or commissioning a build from scratch, you will need finance to be structured in a way that meets both your financing and broader requirements. Alongside specialists and your advisors, your broker will also consider how to structure finance in a fiscally advantageous way. Enness will also consider how your package fits your other corporate and private structures.
Yachts are rarely – if ever – owned by an individual. Instead, you will most likely hold your yacht through a corporate structure. Corporate yacht ownership is most efficient from a fiscal perspective and facilitates elements like the employment of your crew and things like how you pay VAT.
Yacht finance is, therefore, not just a simple question of taking a specialised kind of personal loan and using it to buy a yacht – there are broader and more complex elements to consider. Your ownership structure will need to be thought out and set up before lending occurs, and specialists will need to advise on the best way to structure your ownership. Enness will be able to source in principle offers for you, but lenders will need to understand your proposed structure to be able to do this.
Lenders will lend to the corporate entity that owns the yacht (and of which you are UBO) rather than you personally. However, you will generally be expected to provide a personal guarantee using your own accounts or money against the yacht to provide additional security to your lender.
Loan Agreements will be very detailed. Your nationality, plans for the boat, if it is a new build or you are buying second hand, plus where it will be registered, and the boat’s size will all affect how a lender will want to structure what you borrow. Enness will consider fiscal implications, where you live, the domicile of the corporate entity, currency, potential resale and so on. Enness handle sourcing finance and negotiating terms, but they will work alongside other experts and your advisors to deliver a yacht financing package that meets all your needs.
Enness will also ensure your finance package is ''futureproof''. For example, where your yacht will be registered will also make a difference to how finance is structured and which lenders Enness will approach. Likewise, what you do with the yacht will also come into play. If the yacht will be chartered, lenders may be more willing to let you borrow, given the vessel will generate income. In some cases, however, lenders may require that any revenue generated from charters is paid directly to them as part of your financing agreement, although this requirement may not be the same for every lender. If your yacht is used exclusively for private use, you may need to provide more security or guarantees, given it will not generate income.
Terms will also come up at the initial stages of negotiating finance. Lenders will need assurances that they can take control of the yacht if you default on your loan. Sailing to jurisdictions where it would be impossible for them to impound the boat will usually be a non-negotiable for lenders, and you will need to consider how terms like these affect your ownership and enjoyment of your vessel.